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Juvenile Court Services
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Spokane, WA 99201-2091
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Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative

Justice Policy Institute logoInformation for National JDAI Website / Help Desk

Learn more about Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative.

The Dangers of Detention

www.justicepolicy.org

The nation’s use of detention is steadily rising and facilities are packed with young people who do not meet those high-risk criteria – about 70% are detained for nonviolent offenses.  A recent literature review of youth corrections shows that detention has a profoundly negative impact on young people’s mental and physical well-being, their education, and their employment.  Most importantly, for a variety of reasons to be explored, there is credible and significant research that suggests that the experience of detention may make it more likely that youth will continue to engage in delinquent behavior, and that the detention experience may increase the odds that youth will recidivate, further compromising public safety.

Planning and System Improvement Efforts

Misuse of secure detention and overcrowding produces unsafe, unhealthy conditions for both detainees and staff.  Crowding increases liability risks and the possibility of litigation.  Crowding also puts additional financial pressure on existing facilities (wear and aging of buildings. overtime, emergency needs and unbudgeted costs that result from crowding). 

Which Youth Should Be In The Community?

System improvement is not accomplished by the walking through the numbers but rather by effective management of the numbers.

Risk assessment technology is linked to alternative program development, because the Detention Risk Assessment Instrument (DRAI) can be designed to identify youth at low and modest risk levels than can safely be moved to non-secure, pre-trial alternatives like Electronic Home Monitoring (EM). The review of the detained population revealed a number of youth (Status Offenders and Probation Violators) who qualify for release but need additional structure and supervision; for these youth, Day or Evening reporting centers are viable and cost-effective options to secure detention. The Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the Washington State Institute for Public Policy and other research institutes have shown that several community based programs have been proven to be effective in the recidivism and crime in cost effective manners. 

Knowing why we value our community support and resources You may appreciate reviewing some of the positive statistics provided below:

Detention Alternative Programs

Detention Alternative Programs
1st Quarter January-March 2007
Pre-Adjudicated Admissions
Post-Adjudicated Admissions
Total Admissions
FTA
Re-Arrests
EM
43
105
148
0
0
EM + Day Reporting
13
21
34
0
0
Non-Confined Day Reporting
0
65
65
0
0
Evening Reporting
0
39
39
0
0
Weekend Reporting
0
87
87
0
0
Community Service-Probation Violation
0
33
33
0
0
Community Service-Status Offender
0
96
96
0
0
Totals
56
446
502*
0
0

*1,825 Admissions to Secure Detention for Year 2006
2,008 Projected admissions to Detention Alternatives for year 2007

Annual Detention Alternatives Goals

Annual Detention Alternatives Goals
Annual Outcomes
 
Past 9 Months
Projected For Year
Reduce Detention days from 5,985 to 2,985 for Probation Violations
2,135
2,846
Make 800 Probation Violation referrals to Detention Alternatives
555
740
Make 150 Status Offender Violation referrals to Detention Alternatives
356
475
20% of referrals to Detention Alternatives will be minority youth
23%
23%

Some additional Spokane County Statistical Highlights of interest.


JDAI BACKGROUND INFORMATION

The Annie E Casey Foundation

Washington State's JDAI Beginning (Dec. 2003) 

Spokane County's Implementation Plan (2009-2010) 


THE 8 JDAI STRATEGIES

Encourage Collaboration

Data - Driven Decision Making

Spokane County Data Development and Utilization

  • Spokane County Utilization of Data and Data Development 

2009 3rd Quarter Data

2009 2nd Quarter Data

2009 1st Quarter Data

2008 JDAI Data

2007 JDAI Data

2006 JDAI Data

Detention Risk Assessment Instrument

Develop Alternatives to Detention

Expedite Court Case Processing

Sanction Options for Probation Violations

Reduce Racial Disparities

Improve Conditions of Confinement

 

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